Academic Writing Lessons
|is made of||consists of,comprises,is composed of|
|is found to be||is|
|is capable of||can|
|is view of the fact that||because|
|in this case||here|
|in some cases||occasionally|
|in no case||never|
|the question as to||whether|
|serves the function of||is|
|reach a conclusion||is|
|put an end to||end|
|come to a conclusion||conclude|
|by means of||by|
|in a position to||can|
|be deficient in||lack|
|at this point in time||now|
|at the present time||now|
|notwithstanding the fact that||although|
|manner in which||how|
|make inquiry regrading||ask about,inquire about|
|it is possible that||may,might,could,can|
|in most cases||uaually|
|in many cases||often|
|in large measure||largely|
|is in excess of||exceeds,surpasses|
|in proximity to||near|
|in all cases||always|
|a number of||several,many,numerous|
|if conditions are such that||if|
|happens to be||am,is,are|
|give indication of||indicate,suggest|
|give consideration to||consider|
|for this reason||because|
|for the reason that||so|
|for the purpose of||for/to|
|during the time that||while|
|due to the fact that||because|
|despite the fact that||althought|
|at such time as||when|
|ascertain the location of||find|
|along the lines of||such as|
|a majority of||most|
Export figures will not improve until the economy is stronger. Export figures won't improve until the economy is stronger.
Use the more appropriate formal negative forms.
not...much -> little not...any -> no not...many -> few
Limit the use of “run on” expressions, such as “and so forth” and “etc.”
These semiconductors can be used in robots, CD players, etc. —> These semiconductors can be used in robots, CD players, and other electronic devices.
Avoid addressing the reader as “you”
You can see the results in Table 1. The results can be seen in Table 1.
Limit the use of direct questions.
Instead, use "we now need to consider..."
Place adverbs within the verb.
Then the solution can be discarded. The solution can then be discarded. The blood is withdraw slowly. The blood is slowly withdraw.
- Do not be wordy.
(To be continued…)